Improving Spoken English is possible only if you learn new English vocabulary and use it in your daily English conversations. In this English speaking Lesson with Michelle, you will learn 15 Smart English words to talk about everyday smell and fragrances we encounter. Make these words a part of your daily English speaking to speak fluent English with confidence. This spoken English lesson is ideal for Beginners in English and advanced level English students to improve their English vocabulary. At let’s Talk we always attempt to bring your English lesson that would help you to constantly take your English the next level making you a fluent English speaker. Do watch our lessons on British English, American English, Daily English speaking conversation, IELTS speaking Test, IETS writing test, Building vocabulary, Tips on how to speak fluent English, Improving English pronunciation and Accent Training to make your English better so that you could speak English easily in your daily English conversations.
Complete Lesson Transcript : –
Oh! Hi, oh you are wondering what I am doing? Well I am just trying to make the room smell getter that’s because in this lesson we are learning how to talk about different kind of smells. What did I just do? I just sniffed. These are the kind of words that you are going to learn with me today, my name is Michelle and I’m glad to have you with me. So here we are and we have some interesting words with us, we are first going to start with the word smell, which is our topic of the day, ‘talking about smells’. What are the different kind of smells that you have experienced? You’ve definitely experienced some good smells and also some bad smells. So smell is a neutral word that can be used for good smell or a bad smell but how do you understand whether it’s used for a good one or a bad one? You can understand that with an example or through a context by understanding the words which are used around the word smell. So if we say that ‘I love the smell of a baked bread.’ Obviously that’s a good smell, right? So we can use it for good, a good smell when I hear the word love, I know that it’s a good smell. Then we can also use it for bad smell, when we say that ‘Oh! Those shoes are smelling so bad.’ Then obviously we know that it can be used for a bad smell as well. Let’s look at the next word that we have, something that ‘stinks’. So stinks also mean going ahead the bad side of the word smell, we can also use the word stink. So something that stinks, smells very unpleasant and not so nice so you can say that, ‘Oh! The kitchen stinks, which means that the kitchen is stinking. And here the word stinks is a verb. It smells bad. We can also use the word stink as a noun by saying that oh! There is a real stink coming from the wash-basin. Yeah that’s where you are using the word stink as a noun so you can use it as a noun but when you use it as a noun there will be no ‘s’ so there is a real stink coming out of the wash-basin. Now we can also use the word stink as an adjective, not just a verb not just a noun but also an adjective. So how do we use it as an adjective? I’ll tell you, so when something is very stinky, that’s how the word becomes the adjective. When we say that it is stinky. All right, and you know what, sometimes the word stinky is also used in a positive way by trying to say how good it is, so you could say that, I love the stinky goat cheese. So we obviously know that the goat cheese smells slightly bad but you love that smell of the goat cheese because you love eating goat cheese. So sometimes you could use it positively to admire a smell. Right, the way we have stink, in place of stink you can also use a word ‘reeks’ which is also used for an unpleasant smell. So you could say that the house reeks of smoke this means that the smoke is almost everywhere in the house. So reeks means, it’s a verb again, just like stinks used for unpleasant smell, used for an unpleasant smell. Right, the next word that we have is whiffy, the smell whiffy so whiffy is also a negative you have it when something is slightly stale, slightly stale not very stale. So you have not had a bath for a number of days, then you are smelling whiffy so when someone is not taken a bath for a couple of days and they are smelling bad instead of saying that you are smelling bad, you could say that you are starting to get whiffy, which means you are starting to smell a bit bad. So this is used for slightly rotten smell. Okay you can also use whiffy when you are trying to say that I caught a whiff means you aught a particular smell. It could be good or bad or just a particular smell also like just a particular smell when somebody shaves and that shaving, after shaving smell is very particular, so you could say that I caught a whiffy when he past next to me, or I caught a whiff of after shave when I passed by him. So to catch a whiff or to get a whiff. Right you can also use whiff with the word pungent, so pungent means a very strong and bitter smell it’s more than unpleasant because it’s bitter and it’s very, very strong so when you go to a fish market, you get a pungent whiff. So a strong and bitter smell. So you can use pungent and whiff together. When I went to the fish market I got a pungent whiff. Right staying on a negative smells, we have the next one which is an acrid smell. So acrid is a kind of smell when you taste something burning. So if you pass a building which was on fire, which caught fire, some time ago you can see clouds of smoke rising from the building and when you pass by a building like that you have as acrid smell and that acrid smell is when you taste the burning sensation in your throat, in your mouth and you are just not able to breath you are feeling choked. So acrid is a burning smell. This smell is so strong that you almost start tasting it in your mouth. I’ve had an experience like that I’m sure you would have also had an experience like that. Whenever something is burning you almost feel like tasting it and you just can’t breathe. The next one we have is a fetid smell. So fetid is used when something is stale, very, very stale like if you go into a building in which the windows and the doors are not opened for a very long time, and for years no one had been there and you go there, you are possibly buying an apartment or something like that not opened for a long time, you get that fetid smell, that stale smell that it had not opened and there is no fresh air. So fetid is when there is lack of fresh air and you have a stale smell. Great, the next one that we have with us is a musty smell. So musty is when you okay this is the kind of smell that you get in a library, for some people they love it. For some people, they don’t like it too much. People who love reading books, they would love a musty smell, it’s not actually a bad smell but it’s kind of a smell that you get from something which is damp, you know? Slightly wet and very, very old. Usually papers, old papers, old books, that’s the kind of smell you get in a library, damp and old. So you could say that I love the musty fragrance in the library and if you don’t like it you could say, I love the, I don’t like the musty smell of books, so please remove the books, something like that. You can use it positively and negatively both. The next one that we have putrid. Putrid is used when something has decay. It’s a smell of decay. So decay is when something is completely rotten, just rotten and it smells terrible it’s been like that for many days like rotten meat so you could say that I hate the smell of putrid meat. Or the rotten meat smells putrid, you could use it like that as well. Right so with that we’ve come to an end of so called very bad smell, slightly bad smells very bad smells, you can choose the words that you want to choose for the degree of smell that you have experienced. But now we are going to look at some good smells which we all love, the first one that we have with us is aroma. So aroma is the kind of smell you get from food and drinks, it’s a fragrance that makes you want to eat the food so possibly you are smelling rice somewhere, you can smell the aroma of rice so you can smell the aroma of cheese and you want to have it. So it’s a smell from food or drinks and if something smells very good you could also say, that the food smells aromatic which naturally means that the food smells very good you didn’t say that the food smells good you can say that the food smells aromatic. Right, and the scent. The scent is a particular smell again and a positive a good smell just like aroma, it’s a particular aroma that you get from something, so maybe you got two candles, two beautiful candles they might have a scent they might have a good smell, so you could say that both the candles that I’ve got have a lovely scent. SO a very good smell, a lovely smell. Some people also use scent in place of the word perfume but it’s not actually a correct usage a perfume should be called a perfume and not a scent. Right the next one that we have is a fragrance. Very common word and that’s also the topic of our lesson. So fragrance is a sweet note that you get from flowers and that’s how you remember this word from ’f’ we have fragrance from ‘f’ we have flowers. So the sweet smell of flowers. So you could say that, the flowers have a delicate fragrance. This means that they have a sweet and nice soft fragrance. The next one that we have is bouquet. Can you think similar to flowers when you think of a bouquet? You as a noun bouquet is also means a lot of flowers a group of flowers packed together and when you offer it to someone that you love very much, but bouquet otherwise, again is a noun it also means a particular type of fragrance it’s a good fragrance it’s a good smell that’s why it’s a fragrance and this is the fragrance that you get from wine or liquor any sort of liquor so smell of a liquor. Right, so you could say that my favorite, white wine is my favorite white wine from Umbria region is my favorite because it has got oaky bouquet. Oaky is a particular type of trees and this is a kind of fragrance you get from white wine you could say that white wine has a oaky bouquet and not an oaky fragrance because here you are talking about wine so whenever you talk about the aroma from liquor you would use the word bouquet. The next one that we have is gives off something that gives off so this is a phrasal verb because it has preposition and a verb and you can use them together to talk about the fragrance or the smell that comes out something so you could say that rusting iron gives off a strange smell this means a strange smell comes out of rusting iron. So gives off means comes out and you can use this phrase to talk about all these smells not just one of them so I hope this was helpful for you and you can talk more about the kind of fragrance that you like and the smells that you so don’t like and thanks for having me I hope you had a great time, bye-bye