The answer to the questions – How can I speak fluent English is that you the to take your English to the next level, by learning advanced English vocabulary. In today’s English lesson (ESL) with your English teacher Michelle, you will words with meanings related to war and weapons. This English speaking practice lesson is brought to you by Let’s Talk – English speaking course. Our English class is well structured and each English lesson plan is well designed to learn Grammar, English conversation topics, Improving English communication skills, and tips to improve English fluency. Watch our library of English lessons to speak fluent English fluently and confidently. We have a mix of Indian and Native English teachers who are well qualified and certified English trainers. Study English with Let’s Talk’s – Online English course and take your English to the next level.
Complete Lesson Transcript :-
Did you just get scared? Don’t worry, this is just a toy gun. But why do I have it in my hand? Because in this lesson we are learning vocabulary related to war and weapons. So stay with me my name is Michelle and we are going to start the lesson now.
So guys the first word that we have with us is ‘Arsenal’. Have you heard this word before? So Arsenal is a collection of weapons where you have a lot of weapons you’ve got bombs and guns etc. etc. So a collection of weapons is called an Arsenal and you use it while someone is fighting a war when a country is fighting a war. So a collection of weapons and if you want to use it in a sentence, you could say that the country’s arsenal depleted due to the economic crisis which means that the country’s collection of weapons has depleted and maybe they do not have the most recent and updated versions of the weapons.
Okay now we look at the next word that we have with us and this is a ‘surgical strike’. So now we have looked at what is a collection of weapons called. Now we are going to look at strike what are the different kind of strikes which means what are the different ways of attacking another country. So strike means to attack right. So a surgical strike is okay now let’s think about it in a medical term whenever there’s a surgery the doctor has to be very careful and very precise he has to use every, every instrument in his hand, every equipment in his hand very carefully he cannot put a mark or a cut anywhere else except where it’s required the same way in a surgical strike the bombing and the attack has to be very specific in the targeted area otherwise the people the regular public and not the fighters will be harmed, right? So if we do not want to harm the regular public or the civilians then we need to have a surgical strike which means, which is very precise or a targeted strike or a targeted attack where the general public is not hurt. But how do we do a surgical strike? So a surgical strike is usually done through precision bombing, right? So precision means very careful, very specific and perfect, all right? So if this is the area that’s targeted the bombing will only happen here and the rest of the area will not be attacked where people are living so this is possibly the fighting area where the bombing will happen. So precision bombing is done through aircrafts and it’s an example of a surgical strike so bombing that is done through the aircraft which is very, very specific. So specific bombing and bombing means to throw bombs all right and it’s in an area. So specific bombing right and if you want to use it in a sentence you could say that the Prime Minister declared precision bombing against the warring country.
Okay now we look at the next one that we have and this is an ‘invasion’. So we use ‘an’ with it the article because it starts with a vowel, all right? So an invasion is an attack okay an attack on another country on the enemy country in their territory. So let’s say that a particular country wants to attack another country so they are invading that country. It’s better to say invading rather than saying attacking. All right so invasion means to attack the enemy country or the enemy territory which means region. An invasion is a noun but when we say that so and so country attacked another country or so and so country invaded another country then invaded is the verb but invasion is the noun. Do you ever feel that someone has invaded your private life? If someone over hears your conversation, do you feel invaded? We can also use it in English when you feel that someone is indulging in your private life with you a bit too much that’s when you can say I felt invaded by his comment which means that they made a very private comment or personal comment to you which you did not like.
All right so now we look at the next one which is a ‘preemptive strike’. So like I told you earlier strike means attack so like surgical strike preemptive strike is also a way of attacking. Now preemptive strike is done to prevent another country or another group of fighters to attack us, okay? So if you do not want a group of fighters or a group of Army you don’t know what an army not a group of Army and army to attack you then you will have a preemptive strike which means that you will prevent them from attacking you. So even before they could attack you you’ll have a preemptive strike on them. So to prevent them prevent is very similar to this word preemptive. So to prevent an attack and to use it in a sentence you could say that the government declared a preemptive strike against the rebels. So even before the rebels could attack the government declared a preemptive strike which means they prevented them from attacking.
Now with this we come to the next one which is an ‘ambush’. So ambush is a surprise attack it’s not pronounced ambush, its ambush so an ambush is a surprise attack. So a surprise attack is when you know, you do not know that a group of fighters or rebels are going to attack you, but they attack you so that’s what we call ambush and in a sentence you could say that the five soldiers were killed when their bus was ambushed. Which means that when their bus was surprisely attacked. So you can use it as a noun and as well as a verb okay.
So like we have ambush which is a surprise attack there’s a technique to ambush and that is a ‘guerrilla attack’ so do you know who guerrillas are of course we know we find them in jungles and how do they attack you won’t even know when a guerrilla come and jump on you and grab you from the back and probably squeeze you. That’s how they attack so like ambush is a surprise attack guerrilla attack is a technique to ambush which means that this is how you attack. So people who ambush the attack like a guerrilla which means they attack in a hidden manner in a way that you won’t even know. Sudden attack. So this is what a guerrilla attack is and usually these are forces that are not official forces in a country so in a country there are certain group of people that are fighting against the government and they’re not official army they are you know self-organized forces and they attack the government because they want to remove the government. So if they want to remove the government they will attack the army forces or the official forces suddenly right? So that’s where you can use guerrilla attack and if you want to use it in a sentence you could say that the soldiers were killed by a guerrilla attack or there was a guerrilla attack in the mountains. Okay now there’s also another term that comes from this war term and this is actually a marketing term which is guerrilla marketing. Now this is a special kind of marketing when a set of people have been given a small budget and they have to market their products using that small budget. So what they do is they go to spots like malls, parks and other open places like streets and they suddenly market their products so that they can have access to a larger public and they know they do not have to spend too much money. So that’s guerilla marketing when they market suddenly as a surprise and they can also have access to a huge audience. So you can use it either in business or war your ad benefit for sure.
Okay now we look at the next one now this is ‘retrograde option operation’ which means retro means to go backwards like you heard retro music which means older music, okay? So retro means backwards and retrograde means to move a step backwards. So whenever an army decides not to fight the war it retrogrades which means that it moves back. It’s also called as retreating. So you could use it in a sentence by saying that the army decided to retrograde in order to stop the combat. Which means in order to stop the fight. So combat means a fight or a war okay so that’s how you can use retrograde which means to step back in order to stop a war.
Now with this we come to the next word that we have and that is a ‘friendly fire’ which I was doing in the beginning of the lesson. So friendly fire is not so friendly also obviously there are soldiers that are hurt at the end of fire. Fire means attacking someone using guns, okay? Now friendly fire is when a particular army okay certain members or certain soldiers of an army attack the soldiers of their own army that’s what a friendly fire is. So attacking the soldiers of your own army. And if you want to use it in a sentence you could say that the rates of friendly fire have been increasing over this campaign. Or the rates of friendly fire have been increasing in this campaign which means that more and more people are dying on the own side of their army due to mutual conflict, okay?
Now here we have the next one ‘blue on blue’ okay this is an adjective which is used to describe friendly fire so blue on blue is a result of friendly fire when people attack the soldiers of their own army this causes blue on blue deaths which means that the deaths that are caused by the soldiers from their own army. So blue on blue deaths. So you could again say that the, the rates or the number of blue on blue deaths have increased in the present campaign and this is a result of friendly fire.
Okay now we look at the next word which is ‘skirmish’. So skirmish means a small unplanned fight between two opposing armies, alright? So a small unplanned fight and a skirmish is usually between two smaller group of soldiers it’s not between the whole Army’s alright it just happens between two smaller groups of soldiers and it’s usually not in a fighting area it happens off the fighting area so maybe they face each other and counter each other away from the territory but they still have a small fight that’s what you call a skirmish. We can also have a skirmish with our friends, don’t you? I often have a skirmish with my friend and the restaurant where who’s paying the bill so that’s the skirmish which is a small argument between you and your friend and you can use it in English as well. A small argument. You can use it to talk about your daily conversations or in your daily conversations.
Okay, so with this we come to the last and the best word of the lesson ‘truce’. Truce means to stop war it is an agreement for peace, okay? An agreement for peace. So truce is a period of time when two opposing forces decide to stop fighting in order to find peace or in order to discuss peace, all right? And to use it in a sentence you could say that after the last week’s riots the two forces have declared truce in order to discuss peace. So truce is also always declared like a surgical strike or a preemptive strike is declared and you’ll quite often find this word in the newspaper. And I think it’s time you also call a truce with your friend, with whom you’ve been fighting for past some time. So calling a truce means to you know end the argument with someone you know. To end a skirmish you need to call a truce. Call a truce which means to end an argument or to end a skirmish with somebody you know. So you could say that hey buddy we need to spend the weekend together we might as well call it a truce which means that we might as well and our argument and be friends again.
Okay so on this awesome note we complete today’s lesson where we have learned vocabulary related to wars and weapons so go and talk about it and call it a truce with all your friends. Thank you so much for having me with you bye-bye