Different types of doctors. (Learn Medical Vocabulary)

Hello English Learners welcome to Let’s Talk, your ultimate resource for Free English lessons to improve your English communication skills. In today’s English lesson you will learn the terminology related to Doctors. There are different types of doctors, the word Doctor is a common noun, but a doctor who specializes in a particular body part has a different term. Learn what are these specialist doctors called, so that you use the correct vocabulary while referring to doctors, as you cannot say – I am seeing a bone doctor or an eye doctor.

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Finished watching the lesson, now its time to test how much have you learned from this lesson. Take the quiz below on transportation prepositions.

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I have an appointment with my ____ . My wisdom tooth has been hurting past two days.

2. My Uncle had to go for a brain surgery so we were advised to go see the best ______in the city.


3. A urologist provides medical care for the :


4. My aunt has a history of heart attacks and will have to go for an angioplasty, so can you please recommend the best _______ around.



My daughter who is just 6 months old has been coughing all night long, I am rushing to a ______ .


John grandmother is having a lot of knee joints problem. She should go see a ______ soon.

7. _________ examine eyes for both vision and health problems, and correct refractive errors by prescribing eyeglasses and contact lenses.




I have to share a big news with you, I am pregnant ! So lets fix an appointment with the best ______ in the city.

9. For treatment of brain conditions, such as strokes, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s :


10. An optometrist



My brother is studying Urology and wants to become the best _______ .

12. A cardiologist treats


Question 1 of 12

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When we have health issues we go see a doctor. In this English lesson, we will learn about the different types of doctors who are specialized in different fields.

General Practitioner –

Another term for a general practitioner is a Family Doctor who treats common health issues.

Dermatologist –

A Doctor who treats any skin, hair,nails related issues.

Dentist –

A Doctor who treats teeth and gum related issues. For good oral health, we visit a dentist.

Cardiologist –

A heart Doctor who treats any cardiovascular diseases.

Gynecologist / Obstetrician –

Gynecologists work with female reproductive system whereas the Obstetrician work in a particular area of gynaecology that focuses on childbirth. They perform c-secs, surgical removal of ovarian tumours etc.

Optometrist –

An Eye Doctor, any defects in the vision or any eye related issues we go see an Optometrist.

Orthopedic Surgeon –

A Doctor who treats the skeletal system.

Pediatrician –

The Doctors who work with infants, children and teenagers and treats various health issues.

Urologist –

The Doctor who specializes in issues related to the urinary system and also treats male reproductive organs.

Neurologist –

The Doctor who treats the human brain. A Neurosurgeon is the one who operates on the human brain.


Complete Lesson Transcript –

Hi, my name is Niharika and welcome back. Well, when you have health issues, the first thing that you do is, you go see a doctor, right? But what kind of doctor would you go see if you spot red rashes on your skin? Or if you have a broken leg, what kind of doctor would you go see? So in this lesson today, we are gonna look at types of doctors. Now there are different types of doctors who are specialized in different areas. So that’s what we are gonna learn, the types of doctors and how to correctly pronounce it.

So let’s get started. The first one that I have for you is a general practitioner. Now, who is a general practitioner? Well if you have any health issues, okay the very common ones like a sore throat or you’re just having a bad stomach ache, then you go see your family doctor. So another term for a general practitioner is your family doctor. Am I right? so any common health issues, okay like I said, maybe a runny nose, maybe a bad headache or a stomachache, then you go see a general practitioner.

Now the next one that I have over here is a dermatologist. So who is a dermatologist? Well, the doctor who treats skin related issues, hair related issues and as well as nails. So it’s skin, nails, and hair. So as I mentioned before, if you spot these awful red rashes on your body, the first thing that you’re gonna do is rush to a dermatologist. Okay, do that. So dermatologist is a doctor who treats skin, nails, and hair related issues.

The next one that I have for you is a dentist. So who’s a dentist? Do you like going to a dentist? well, I don’t, I’m scared because dentists are the doctors who work on the human mouth, who they treat your teeth and gum related issues and in fact, it is said, that it’s important for every human being to visit a dentist at least twice a year for good oral health. So do you do that? Well, I don’t I think I should do that as well, right? So a dentist is a doctor who treats teeth and gum related issues, Okay?

The next one that I have for you is a cardiologist. So who’s a cardiologist? Well, a cardiologist is a heart doctor. So if you have any cardiovascular diseases, you are going to rush to a cardiologist. Now, unfortunately, a cardiologist cannot fix your broken heart and what’s a broken heart? Well when you are upset or you’re really sad because you broke up with your girlfriend or your boyfriend, then you end up having a broken heart. So, unfortunately, cardiologists cannot fix that but yes any cardiovascular diseases, a cardiologist is the doctor that you gotta go see, okay?

The next one that I have for you is a gynaecologist and who is a gynaecologist? Well, a doctor who works with female reproductive organs or the female reproductive system. So all the pregnant women, well they first go see a gynaec well a gynaec is a short term used for a gynecologist, okay but the person who performs surgeries, okay the doctor who performs like you know the C -sec, the cesareans or the removal of ovarian tumors, then you go see obstetrician. Okay, so obstetrician is a doctor who performs surgeries in the gynaecologist area. Okay so basically they perform c-secs or even any tumour that has to be removed out of a female reproductive system. Okay, so a gynaec is the doctor is the main doctor. However, the person or the doctor who performs a surgery is called as an obstetrician, okay?

The next one that I have for you is an optometrist. Who is an optometrist? Well, do you have any issues with your vision? Or any eye related issues? Well, the right doctor that you need to go see is an optometrist. Now an optometrist is an eye doctor. Okay, so any issues with your vision or may be an infection in your eye so anything related to your eyes, go see an optometrist, okay.

The next one I have for you is an orthopaedic surgeon. Who is an orthopaedic surgeon? Well, the first person or the first doctor that you gotta go see if you meet with an accident, yes because an orthopaedic surgeon deals with the skeletal system. Okay so any broken legs or broken bones or anything wrong with your skeletal system, well an orthopaedic surgeon is gonna fix it for you. Okay, so you can say, bones doctor. Okay, it’s just to explain to you that who is an orthopaedic surgeon, right and even if you have any you know related issues, especially when people get old, they have a lot of trouble in their knees or their hands or even arthritis. So all these things are taken care of by an orthopaedic surgeon, okay.

Then the next one that I have for you is a paediatrician. Now a paediatrician is a doctor who deals with a variety of health issues with infants, kids, and teenagers. Okay so if you ever have visited a paediatrician, you know their clinic or the area where they sit in a hospital, it’s always very colourful and very kid friendly environment. So they are the doctors who deal with infants, okay children, kids, and teenagers.

Alright now let’s have a look at another doctor, that’s a urologist. Well, a urologist is a doctor who deals with any urinary infections or urinary issues you know and also a urologist takes care of the male reproductive system or male reproductive organs. Okay so usually people get confused. People think that especially men if they have any issues with their reproductive organs, then they have to go see a gynaec but no you have to go see a urologist, okay. So any issues with your urinary tract or any issues with your male reproductive system, then you see a urologist, okay.

The last one that I have for you is a neurologist. Well, a neurologist is a doctor who deals with the human brain and the doctor who performs a surgery on a human brain is called a neurosurgeon, okay. so neurologist is a doctor who deals with, okay any nerve related issues you go see a neurologist and if there is some issue and probably you have to go on to the needle and you have to go for a surgery then you go see a neurosurgeon, okay.

Alright, so these are the types of doctors that we have here. Now there are n number of doctors in this world, so I have just taken the most common ones and probably we can also go ahead and take a test. You know you will have questions where you can answer that what doctor you will see for some specific issue that you are having. So answer that, tell me how much did you score and I’ll be back with a new lesson, till then you take care.

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