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Election Vocabulary – Talking about presidential elections (ESL)

Hello everybody! Welcome to this ESL Vocabulary lesson. My name is Michelle. Our topic today is to learn about “common election words”. These are the English words you will hear when listening to news about the upcoming elections or election results. Keep reading to improve your English vocabulary related to Elections.

Constituents

Members of an area who elect a representative to a legislative body.

Example – The MP is playing on his constituents’ sense of regional identity to win votes.

She’s pledged to help her elderly constituents.

Electorate

The electorate is the body of persons entitled to vote in an election.

Example –  In the United States, most citizens at least 18 years of age form the electorate.

Electoral College

A  group of electors, chosen by the voters to formally elect the president.

Example – The Electoral College will dominate the airwaves and the headlines on Election Day Tuesday.

Bicameral

A bicameral system is a governing body with two houses. For the United States, these two houses refer to the Senate and the House of Representatives

Example-  This bill requires bicameral approval to get passed.

Polling

The process of casting votes

Example –  The polling for German elections was very chaotic.

Precinct-

one of a decided number of districts, each containing one polling area for voting purposes.

Direct Recording Electronic Voting Machine (Dre/ Evm)-

This system of voting is the most recent evolution. All the votes are stored in the Direct Recording Electronic machines through a smart-card.

Plurality/ Relative Majority-

When a candidate receives the maximum number of votes but less than the half of the total number of votes. This is different from absolute majority.

Example: Reuben is elected by plurality. Will he be able to become a leader of the masses?

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