Subscribe! to our lessons

When to use a ‘COMMA’ before ‘AND’

In this Advanced English lesson, you will learn when to use a comma before ‘and’. When we write emails, official documents or reports, we get confused as we do not know when to use a comma before the word ‘and’.

In two situations we should use a comma before ‘and’.

When “and” is being used to coordinate two independent clauses. An independent clause—also known as a main clause—is a group of words that has a subject and a verb and can stand alone as a sentence.’

In the following example, the independent clauses are in brackets.

Example: [John took piano lessons for sixteen years], and [today he is an accomplished performer].

Example: John took piano lessons for sixteen years and today is an accomplished perform. (no comma is used before ‘and’ as these are not independent clauses)

Example: [The storm damaged the city], and [many people were left without electricity]. Both the sentences in the brackets are independent clauses and can stand alone. In such a case, use a comma before ‘and’ when joining these two sentences.

Example: The storm damaged the city and left people without electricity. (there are no independent clauses and so no comma is used before ‘and’)

Use a comma before ‘and’ when we have three or more items in a series.

Example: The song was composed by Hary, Lara, and Sarah.

Example: The meal consisted of soup, salad, and macroni and cheese. (use a comma before ‘and’ even if the last item on the list is complementing another one by using and)

Share with your folks!

PinIt

One thought on “When to use a ‘COMMA’ before ‘AND’”

  1. veerendravikram says:

    I have watched over 100 videos so far of yours.It has been a great learning experience to be a part of let’s talk
    Having said that, i would request you to take a class on “only,just,barely,merely,scarcely,hardly” because it is quite confusing while speaking these words.
    I hope you take my request into account while making the next video.Looking forward to!!

Leave a Reply

Top

Hey! Don't miss any lessons, Get lessons in your email everyday! ...... Subscribe Now! It's Free

Hey! Don't miss any lessons, Get lessons in your email everyday! ...... Subscribe Now! It's Free