Hello everybody, this is Ceema once again wishing you a very good day. Today’s English Grammar lesson is going to shock you because what you’re going to hear is something your English teacher never told you. Ok, here’s the thing-when you are talking about the future tense, you don’t always have to use will or going to. Surprised? You will learn how to use the Present continuous tense, Future continuous tense, Simple present tense and the Future perfect tense to talk about the future. Now don’t get me wrong, you haven’t been learning it wrong, It’s just that there are different ways of talking about the future or applying the future tense in English Grammar. A lot of people don’t know this, but while speaking English in the future tense you don’t have to always depend on will or going to. So stay tuned with me, because what I’m going to teach you will help you enhance your English speaking and writing skills in the use of the future tense. Oh and yes… before I start, may I ask you to please like this video, subscribe to our channel and do not forget to press the bell icon so that you don’t miss on regular updates on videos like this!! So I want to wish you all the best as you’ve tuned in to the right place to get the best English learning experience.
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Ok, now using different types of future tenses depends upon the situation or the context that you are talking about, so let’s take the first situation. This refers to making plans or arrangements. So a plan or an arrangement is an action that you take to make something a reality in the future, for eg you plan a birthday party for the next week which is in the future. Now, say for example, you want to plan to drive to your aunt’s place next summer. Now the
usual way of saying this in the future tense is -I’m going to drive to my aunt’s place next
But we don’t want to be boring, right? Ok, so here’s two new ways of saying this The first way is by using the present continuous tense. Yes you can use the present continuous tense when you want to talk about a future plan or an arrangement you have made. So you can say, I’m driving to my aunt’s place next summer. For those who don’t know a present continuous tense mostly uses the ING form of a verb. In this case Drive becomes driving. When your wife wants to know when you are planning to take her shopping, don’t say we will go shopping next weekend. Try something different, you can tell her, We’re going shopping next weekend , here again, you use the present
continuous because go becomes going
Now the second way of using the future tense while making future plans or arrangements is by using the future continuous tense. So here you can say I’ll be driving to my aunt’s place next summer. So, again for those who don’t know, a Future Continuous Tense is used to express an on-going or continuous action which will happen at some time in the future. It expresses future actions having an on-going nature. So a sentence with a future continuous tense always is used with a will+be+and the ing form of the verb because it is a continous action in the future. So as you can see, our sentence says I will be driving to my
aunt’s place next summer. As you can see, we’ve spoken about the future and not used a going to or a will like we
normally do. And yet, it’s perfectly correct English. So, whether you say I’m driving to my aunt’s place next summer which is present continuous tense or I will be driving to my aunt’s place next summer which is Future Continuous Tense, it means one and the same thing. Now let’s take situation number 2, where we can use future tenses differently. Now, in the case of scheduled events in the future, again you don’t have to use a will or a going to every single time. So what will you use? Any guesses?…. Ok, here, you can use the simple present.Interesting right? Imagine, using the simple present to talk about the future. But this is used in the case of scheduled events. Now what are scheduled events? Ok, please note, these refer to 1) Transportation schedules 2) Scheduled Conferences and events
Things that operate on regular schedule. In the case of transportation schedule, you can say My flight arrives at midnight, you don’t have to say my flight will arrive or is going to arrive at midnight, … My flight arrives at
midnight is absolutely correct. As you can see, the simple present form of the verb arrives used which is arrives where an s is added to the verb arrive In the case of a scheduled conference or event, I can again use the simple present to talk about the future by saying..The meeting starts at 10 am, again you don’t have to say the
meeting will start or is going to start In the case of Things that operate on regular schedule, I have another example where we can use simple present to talk about the future. The sentence is The bank closes by 4pm, again I don’t have to say the bank will close or is going to close by 4 pm. Great, now we’re going to talk about just one more interesting way to use the future tense. Okay, so we’ve learned to use the present continuous, future continuous and the simple present while talking about the future. Now what else can we use? Any guesses? Ok, this is a new one for you, it’s called the future perfect tense. Now, future perfect tense talks about future events between now and a future point. Let me explain with an example. Just imagine you have to finish your homework by 3 pm and it is 12 in the afternoon right now. So if you want to say this in the future perfect tense, you will say, – By 3 pm, I will have finished my homework. So the completion of the homework takes place between now and 3 pm, between now and a
future point. Please note future perfect tense is mostly used starting with by or by the time, which is followed with WILL HAVE +past form of the verb. So we say By 3 pm, I will have , followed by finished( which is the past of the verb finish) my homework.
Well, I hope you have understood this very well. I have a little test that will help you use the future tenses in different ways depending on the situation you are talking about. This will make you get more practice to speak English in a more enhanced way. And yes, as always don’t forget to like the video, subscribe to the channel and click on the bell icon, you do not want to miss on updates of videos that will only help YOU! I’ll see you soon, take care and keep practicing!