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Learn essential finance terms & vocabulary

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 This English lesson is for all those who struggle to understand basic financial terms or explain those terms to others. In this English lesson, learners will be able to familiarize themselves with most commonly used words in finance section of a newspaper or a business magazine. The following words are also used in day-to-day English conversation.

Currency:

It is the form of money used in a country to buy things: There are six most trusted currencies around the globe. US Dollar $, British Pound, Euro, Japanese Yen, Australian Dollar and Canadian Dollar.

Price:

It is the method of payment used while buying or selling a product. Price has two factors; Cost Price: price that you pay to buy and Selling Price: price that you demand to sell a product/service. A different word that can be used in place of the word ‘price’ is ‘worth’. Often people use the term “heavy price” to denote a sacrifice made to achieve something.

Sale:

It is the name of activity, by which commodity is exchanged with money.

Transaction:

It is the process by which sale happens. Transaction can happen using more than one form of price i.e cash and kind. When a product is exchanged with another product or service instead of cash, then the product is said to buy in kind.

Profit/loss:

It is the name for excess of money earned during a transaction. If one gains money, it is termed as profit or if he loses it is called a loss. Another word for profit is gain.

Break-even:

It is the name for the point or amount of money required to cover up all the costs of a particular product or service. Any transaction below this point or the cost amount will bring loss.

Discount:

It is the name for reduced selling price. I is also known as “Offer Price”. We can use the term ‘Discount’ as a synonym for “to underestimate someone”.

Gross:

Means in totality and without any deductions. In simple words it means the sum of Cost price, taxes, fees and the profit or loss earned.

Net:

It is the name for remaining value (profit/loss) of a product or service after all deductions such as taxes and fees. In simple words it is the remainder of taxes and fees from gross value.

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One thought on “Learn essential finance terms & vocabulary”

  1. ahmed rashid says:

    thanx alot mam emmelda…….its a beneficial lesson for us…….plz mail me this lessson….thank u…..

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