Asking and answering questions in English is the basis of any conversation in English. We generally ask questions using the WH words such as Where, What, Who, When, Why and How followed by an Auxiliary Verb and an Infinitive or extra information. This is the basic structure to form questions in English. English learners often mix the verb and subject order and make some common grammar mistakes. In this English Grammar lesson with Hridhaa, Learn the QUASI rule to form any questions in English correctly.
Complete Lesson Transcript : –
‘What is your name?’ or ‘what your name is?’ hi everybody my name is Hridhaan and I welcome each one of you with a very big heart on Let’s Talk. In today’s lesson we will understand how to correctly form questions and speak better English. But first of all before we start, if you haven’t subscribed to my channels and if you like my videos, I’d really appreciate if you do that right away. Let’s get started, when we make questions in English, there is a very important rule that I would like to introduce you to today, and that is called the QUASI rule. According to the QUASI rule, the ‘QU’ stands for ‘question words’, and do you know what are those question words? Can you guess? It is also called five Ws, one H, five Ws, one H. Such as, ‘what’, ‘when’, ‘why’, ‘where’, ‘who, and ‘how’ these words in English language are called question words or five Ws, one H. So when we construct a question, the first step is to write the question word, this is step number one. The next step is, writing the auxiliary, so if you see here, this is number two, the ‘A’ here stands for auxiliary, but what is the meaning of auxiliary verb? It is very simple, it primarily means words such as, ‘is’, ‘am’, ‘are’ in the past, it becomes, ‘was’ or ‘were’ very simple. The next step is to write, ‘S’, can you guess what is step number three, ‘S’? It is ‘subject’, so if you guessed it like that, you are correct. But what is a subject? A subject means the person, to whom the question is asked. The person to whom the question is about. For example, it could be, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’ in plural it becomes ‘they’, ‘we’, ‘you’, etc. and also the name of a person, such as, Hridhaan. And finally the fourth step and the last step is, ‘I’. The ‘I’ in the question stands for ‘infinitive’ or ‘information’. Please don’t get confused because I will tell you what is an, ‘infinitive’, an infinitive is a word with ‘to’ or without ‘to’. Basically a word without ‘ing’ is called infinitive or in extra information, you could be asking the person’s name, job, age, etc. Now let’s put all of these four steps in the form of examples on your right hand side. In the first example, as you can see, the question is, ‘what’, which is the question word, ‘Is’ which is the auxiliary, ‘your’ which is the subject, and finally ‘name’, is this an infinitive or information? It is an information that I seek to ask from the person. So the question is, “what is your name?” and this is what people get confused with most of the times, it is not, “what your name is?”, it is, “what is your name?” People confuse between subject and auxiliary and they interchange their positions. But we do not have to do that, now you know the QUASI rule, make questions like that please. Next question is, “what does she want?” ‘what’ question would, ‘does’ now you must be wondering, Hridhaan did not say that ‘does’ is one of the auxiliary verbs, but let me tell you, it is, ‘do’, ‘does’, ‘has’, ‘have’… they are all called auxiliary verbs, so I will write it here for you, ‘does’, ‘do’, ‘has’, ‘have’. The next one in the list is, “how does it work?” Let’s go back to the previous one for a second, ‘what does she want?’ in this example ‘she’ is the subject and ‘want’ is the infinitive. I am asking the lady, the girl, what is she’s seeking from me? She’s asking me for something and I’m asking her back, ‘what does she want?’ from somebody else. Next one is, “how does it work?” ‘how’ question word, ‘does’ auxiliary’, ‘it’ is the subject, ‘work’ is the infinitive. Imagine there is a machine, such as a computer and I do not know how it starts and I ask, it’s a modern computer, let’s say it’s the updated version of an Apple MacBook pro and i do not know how it starts, so I asked my friend, ‘how does it work?’, ‘how does it start?’ Next one in the list is, “when did it go?” Not ‘when it did go?’ a lot of people actually speak like that, ‘when did it go?’ The next example, “where is my phone?” I have lost my phone and I’m asking my mom, ‘where my phone is’? or “where is my phone?” ‘where’ question, ‘Is’ auxiliary, ‘my’ subject, ‘phone’ information. I asked my mom for my missing phone, ‘where is my phone?’ if you see we are following the same pattern as the QUASI rule, QU + A + S + I “question”, “auxiliary” ‘is’, ‘am’, ‘are’, ‘was’, ‘were’, ‘do’, ‘does’, ‘has’, ‘have’… “subject” and “infinitive or information”. In the second last example we have question word, “why did you do that?” ‘that’ being the extra information here, so somebody did something and now I’m asking that person, the reason why that person did that, I asked, ‘why did you do that?’ and the last question in the list is, “who did you meet?” Let’s say my friend went to a celebrity party, there the person met a lot of people and now I’m very excited, I want to ask my friend who did he or she meet and I say, “who did you meet?” the question becomes, ‘question word’, ‘auxiliary’, ‘subject’ and ‘infinitive’… this is what this is all that we have in the QUASI rule for today. If you did not understand it I recommend you please watch it again. This is the simplest rule that we follow, when it comes to making questions in English. Thank you for watching my video, please consider me a friend and do let me know with the comment, anything that you would like to learn in the recent future. Have a great day ahead and God bless.