And & But are the most common linking words used in English conversation. In this English lesson with Michelle, learn better transition words for daily English speaking. Your ESL teacher has given you plenty of example on how to use transition words to connect sentences in English. Improve your English speaking and speak English fluently and confidently.
Complete Lesson Transcript : –
Bill paid for the car damage, he was very angry about the accident. What word will you use to connect these two sentences? You might use the word “but”. But I suggest that we have many other alternatives except “but” and “and” because to connect sentences. If you want to learn different words to connect ideas and sentences then stay tuned and keep watching, my name is Michelle. So let’s start with the first one that we have, “similarly”, we can use this word to connect ideas when we want to compare two things that have the same idea, okay? So “similarly”, actually comes from an English word “similar” which means “same”. Let me give you an example, what is the cause of heart disease? I mean if someone has a heart attack there could be two reasons, the first could be ‘family history’, which means someone in their family may have had a heart attack earlier or else they might be really ‘overweight’ or having ‘too much alcohol’, so if you want to connect these two ideas using “similarly”, you can do it, I’ll show you how, so you can say that, “family history is a reason for heart disease, similarly the act of being overweight or having too much alcohol also contributes to heart disease”. So here I’ve used the word “similarly” to connect two ideas that have the same reason or the same purpose. So you can use “similarly” to connect two ideas with the same purpose. Okay, with that we look at the next one, “comparable with”. So if you are trying to compare two things, are you? Mm-hmm! “Comparable with” is actually used to compare only one thing to others, okay? It comes from an English word “compare”. So do you know any singer, that you like so much that you think, no one else is better than her. If you know any such singer you could say, “Celine Dion is not comparable with anyone else.” Which means that she’s the best. So you can use “comparable with”, when you want to say that someone is the best. You could say, “not comparable with” you can replace “with” with the word “to”. You could say, “Celine Dion is not comparable to anyone else”. Which means she is the best. We have connected two ideas here that you really like Celine Dion and she’s the best. Okay now the next one that we have is, “in contrast” “Contrast’ means “opposite”, alright? So what is the color of the board? It’s white, right? And what’s the color of my marker? That’s black. So black and white are a contrast, which means they are opposites. Think of a situation where you can think of two opposite things, well if you have clear blue skies and thunderstorm these are two opposites, two contrasts, two different situations and if you are in an island where you have clear blue skies but on the other side of the sky you can see there’s a thunderstorm coming you could say that, “I can see the clear blue skies in contrast to the thunderstorm on the other side.” So here you’re comparing two different situations. To compare two different situations. But what if you have to compare two things about the same situation? Are you getting confused? Don’t get confused, I’ll give you an example, so I really want to buy a horse because I enjoy riding, the problem is that it’s really hard to take care of the animal. So how do I join these two ideas? It’s the same situation I love horses, but it’s hard for me to take care of one. So I will join this by using, “on the other hand”. I would say, “I really enjoy riding, so I want to buy a horse on the other hand, it’s really hard to take care of the animal.” Think of a coin, it’s just one coin but it has two sides, the same way “on the other hand” is used to compare two different ideas in the same situation. Two problems and same situation. With this we move on and here we have, “for example”. You have heard me use this term throughout all my lessons. Whenever I explain something to you I always use “for example” to make it easy for you to understand. So if you’re writing an exam or if you’re speaking to someone to help them understand what you’re trying to say, you should use this word. So this word is obviously used to give a lot of examples so I’m going to give you an example to show how to use, “for example”. So my example is, “I love playing musical instruments”, okay? So I’d say that “I play a few musical instruments, for example guitar, violin and drums.” So here I’m using “for example” to describe and tell which instruments do I play. You can also use “for instance”, “such as”… “I play a few musical instruments such as guitar, violins and drums”. And very commonly we also use, “like”, “I play few musical instruments like guitar, drums and violin”. Okay now we look at the next one, “in the meantime”. So this one is used to talk about a time limit, okay? But it talks about a time limit between two incidences, okay? So let’s say that your phone crashed and you’ve sent it for a repair but until it comes back, what do you do? You need a phone, so you could say that, “my phone has crashed but until it comes back to me in the meantime I will use your phone Jude”. So here you’re giving two situations, your phone broke down and it’s going to come back in sometime, for that time you will use Jude’s phone. So “in the meantime” is used for two incidents. Okay now we have the next one, “for time being”. While we use “in the meantime” for two incidents, we use “for time being” only for a set time limit. An example for this would be, “leave the cleaning for the time being, I’ll do it later”, which means that for this time limit do not clean, I’ll do it later. So for the time being is used for a time limit. Okay now as you remember I start the lesson with Bill, when I said that “Bill paid for the car damage, he was very angry about the incidents or about the accidents, oh sorry accident. How do you join these two sentences? I’ll repeat myself and we have only one more option try to fill this in so, “Bill paid for the car damaged, “at the same time” he was very angry about the accident.” So when you feel two things at a time that’s when you use “at the same time”. When you feel two things at the same time. So “Bill paid for the car damage, at the same time he was very angry about the accident”. Now we are going to quickly go through what we have learned today and the first one is “similarly”, this is used to talk about the similarities and “comparable with” is used to talk about how amazing somebody is and that they are the best. The next two that we have “in contrast”, this is used to talk about an opposite, opposite in two different situations, for example thunderstorm and clear blue skies are two different situations and if you’re trying to talk about these two at the same time you could say, I can see the clear blue skies in contrast to the thunderstorm. The next one that we have is “on the other hand” and you use this to talk about two sides of the same problem. “For example” is very clear we always use it, you can replace it with “for instance” and the other three are usually used to talk about time. So here you have a lot of transition words” and next time when you want to connect ideas even when you’re writing or speaking you can use these and talk more fluently. So thank you so much for watching this lesson with me come back for more, till then you take care, bye-bye.