Using Conjunctions correctly in a sentence.

In this English Grammar lesson you will learn how to use conjunctions correctly in a sentence. A conjunction is a word used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause.

And: adds one thing to another or used for similar ideas.

  • Jane came to my party. Samara came to my party.
  • Jane and Samara came to my party.

But: is used to show contrast. So, if we talk about two things, people or ideas that are contrasting each other, we use ‘but’.

  • Mrs. Smith is strict.  Mrs. Smith is kind.
  • Mrs. Smith is strict but kind. (strict and kind are contrasting qualities)

So: indicates effect, result or consequence. It also expresses ‘purpose’ in a sentence.

  • Write down the address, so we don’t forget it.

Or: presents an alternative or a choice.

  • Do you want pasta or rice?

Because/since/as: are used to give reasons. They can be used interchangeably.

  • I sat down because/since/as I was tired.

After/before/when: are all time related conjunctions.

  • I’ll email you after I receive the update. (after shows the sequence where one action id followed by the other)
  • I’ll email you before I receive the update. (before shows one action happens prior to the other or precedes the other)
  • I’ll email you when I receive the update.


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