You have watched English Grammar videos about how to use have and had in English and know the grammar rules. But have you wondered how to use ‘have had’ together in one single sentence in an English conversation. Well, in today’s English Grammar lesson for beginners, understand this so that you don’t make any Grammar mistakes in English while speaking English or writing and IELTS test or an school exam. Clear this confusing grammar concept. This phrase even confuses students who appear for competitive exams such as Bank PO, UPSC as they know how to use have and had separately but using it together in one sentence is quite tricky. For more such English grammar lesson visit our channel and watch a library of more than 1300+ free English speaking practice lessons to improve your English and speak English fluently and confidently just like a native English speaker. We have videos for Personal development, Accent Training, American Accent, British English , IELTS training and coaching, Tips on How to speak English easily and much more to enhance your English communication skills.
Complete Lesson Transcript :-
Hi friends, welcome to a new lesson. Well, have you tried troubling someone and annoying someone to the hilt and they turn around and tell you, “Enough! I’ve had it.” Yes you may have heard it. Or probably when your sibling or your spouse is back from work and they tell you, “I’ve had a very tough day today.” Okay and you wondering like why do you need to say, ‘I have had’ why can’t you just simply say, ‘I had’ yeah? So well one of the amost common queries that has come up in the recent times and that is, ‘have’, ‘had’. What is ‘have’, ‘had’ and when do we use it? Okay so it’s not really difficult but first clear the misconception that ‘have ‘and ‘had’ cannot be used together. Yes they can and make complete sense to a sentence when they are used together, okay? Now before we get on to examples I would like to tell you how do you get ‘have’, ‘had’ in a sentence. Okay so since a lot of people and you know who learn English to ask me this question that where does ‘have’, ‘had’ come and how can you have ‘have’, ‘had’ together? Well now I’ll tell you how you can. Now let’s take example of a verb ‘I eat’ okay? So I eat eggs for breakfast every morning, okay ‘I eat’. Now I can use the simple verb eat or I can replace it by saying I have eggs for breakfast, right? So more often than not we use have. I have eggs and milk or I have a fruit platter for breakfast, yeah? So I’m using have in place of eat fair enough? So have I eat I have both are in the simple present tense. Now if I say I am eating that means my action is on right now. So I’m eating and I get a call and my friend asks me, “What are you doing?” I say “I’m eating my breakfast, I’ll call you, okay?” Same thing instead of eating I’m using having okay so I’ll say, “I am having my breakfast.” Okay now this brings us to a very important rule of ‘have’, ‘have’ actually means to possess, okay? So I have a marker here with me I possess it and that is the original meaning of ‘have’. When you talk about ‘have’ in its original meaning that means to possess it never takes the ‘ing’ form. So even right now I have this marker in my hand. I cannot say I am having this marker, no! Or I’m having two houses in the city, no! So remember as a possession, to show possession or that you own it never goes in the ‘ing’ form. So if you have been using ‘have’ the ‘ing’ form that shows possession, stop using it. I will tell you what to use when we get there but if you are replacing ‘have’ okay instead of eat good to go you can use it as ‘ing’. So I’m having my lunch because it is replacing eat okay fair enough? I cannot tell you I’m having an apple in my bag, no! I have an apple because I possess it. But if I’m munching on it and chewing it right now, I’m having an apple, fair enough, because I’m replacing ‘eat’. Got this rule? As a possession no ‘ing’. Eating, having instead of eating fair enough you can use it, okay? Now coming back, ‘I eat’ ‘I have’ simple present tense. ‘I am eating’, ‘I am having’ present continuous tense. What did I do? I put the verb in ‘ing’ and I had a supporting verb to make it a simple continuous present tense, okay? Now if I want to tell you I am done eating, I have finished, what I’ll do is I okay if you remember verb has three forms, ‘present’, ‘past’ and ‘past participle’ you put it in the past participial like this got it? But you also use have because if you do not use a supporting verb you will not know which tenses it is. Is it in the present perfect, past perfect, future perfect, right? So eat became eaten verb in the third form, okay? And you had a supporting verb. I’m doing exactly the same thing over here. I put eat in the third form, I’m going to put have in the third form, what is the third form? ‘Have’, ‘had’, ‘had’, okay? Now if I leave it at this, it becomes a simple past tense, I had an apple. But I want to keep it in the present perfect tense like I have done here, the same funda, you’re going to add and this is how you derive at ‘have’, ‘had’ okay? So ‘have’, ‘had’ is nothing but the present perfect tense, you put a verb in the third form, you do exactly the same thing you put a verb in the past participle but you add ‘have’ to make it a present perfect tense. So ‘a’ what we have learnt today is, how does ‘have’, ‘had’ take birth and this is how it you derive it, okay? So I just took help of another verb to show you if this is exactly the same process and that is how ‘have’, ‘had’ is logically correct in English. So this makes it your present perfect tense, clear? ‘Had’ is the main verb, verb in the past participle form with the supporting verb to keep it in the present tense, okay? And of course this varies she, with she it becomes has had. So you may have
She/he, has had okay? So now we very clear about how we derive and have had and how and why they can come together so I hope this part of your confusion is gone now let’s look at how do we use it in our daily conversation. Okay so here I have a sentence that says she has had okay because it’s she third-person you use has don’t forget this rule we’ve learned it in many lessons “She has had a headache since yesterday.” Now think of it like this the action started yesterday what action the headache okay it’s like it’s been my head is okay burdened with pain since yesterday and till today I have a headache. Ideally speaking it should be taking the present perfect continuous as in she has been having a headache, right? That is the way it is like I have been living in London for ten years because ten years ago I came and I’m still living so the action started in the past it is still continuing right? But like I told you the rule for have is, it does not take an ing form when you talk about possession so I cannot put it in the ing form okay so but if I say she has a headache since yesterday it is incorrect you want to show longevity of the action you want to show that the action has been continuing since a point of time in the past so you need to use the correct tense with the correct verb. So what I do is I can’t keep it in a simple present tense because it is not correct to say it’s like, I live in Mumbai, I live in London say for 10 years it doesn’t make sense I have been living right? So we cannot use ing we cannot take the present perfect continuous so we pass it on to the present perfect tense and then you say she has had a headache since yesterday, so ‘a’ we use it when you want to say something that you have wrongly been having from a point of time in the past till date okay but because you cannot show possession in ing you use a present perfect tense she has had a headache since yesterday similar example we have had this car for four years now I bought this car four years ago I have been possessing it but I cannot say we have been having why because have as a verb opposition never and I mean never goes in the ing so we have had this car for four years. So used in place of present perfect continuous tense okay? So we’ve done it because it’s a possession you cannot use ing. Now let’s see how to use as a present perfect tense I’ve had three off this week. This week is still on okay, it’s the present time frame this week is still on I’ve used a contraction here it’s I have had so when you say you say I’ve, I’ve had three offs this week present ok it’s the present time period is still on generally people would say I had three offs this week, incorrect. Because the week the time frame is still on and you have already got three offs you say I have had three offs this week okay and the next one is they’ve had four meetings this month. Now whatever month you are in, say for example I am in June or July okay I’m in month of July, in July this month is still on the month is not yet completed it is a present time frame and so but, but my four meetings are done, action completed, the present time frame is still on, you use a present perfect tense and you say they have had four meetings this month and that is how have had is used and yes friends so when you hear, people use have had don’t kind of got confused or when you hear people use has had don’t kind of get confused and say but how can two haves or has had or have had come together yes they can and this how you derive it. I’m sure you have another question in your mind and that is when do we use ‘had’ ‘had’ well we will come to ‘had’ ‘had’ later right now let’s deal with have had let’s practice it and I’m sure you understood this you now know when to use it. As a quick rule remember have as a verb a possession can never go in ‘ing’ if you need to show continuity of the action use the present perfect tense use have had or has had respectively and of course when you want to talk about the present time umm, time frame or the time period is still on but the action is completed it’s the proper present perfect tense go ahead and use have had and has had well friends so this brings me to the end of this lesson I hope you enjoyed watching it I’ll be back soon with a new lesson till then take care and bye.