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Using prepositions – ‘With’, ‘Over’ & ‘By’

With –

1. Used to indicate being together.

  • I ordered a sandwich with a drink.
  • He was with his friends last nigh.

2. Used to indicate having something.

  • Were you the one talking with an accent?
  • I met a guy with green eyes.

3. Used to indicate using something.

  • I wrote a letter with a pen you gave me.
  • This is the soup I made with rice and barley.

4. Used to indicate feelings.

  • I walked on the stage with confidence.
  • I am emailing you with my sincere apologies.

Over –

1. To indicate movement.

  • Come over to my house for dinner sometime.
  • They sent over a gift for this birthday.

2. To indicate downward movement.

  • The big tree fell over a car.
  • Can you bend over and pick the keys?

3. To indicate more than expected.

  • The phone rang for over a minute.
  • The money offered was over our expectation.

4. To indicate a period of time.

  • I worked there over 5 years.
  • I am stressed about this issue for over a month.

By –

1. To indicate closeness.

  • Can I sit by you?
  • The post office is by the bank.

2. To indicate a passive voice sentence.

  • The microwave was fixed by the mechanic.
  • The flowers were delivered by the florist.

3. To indicate an action with a purpose.

  • You can pass the exam by studying hard.
  • I expressed my feelings by writing her a letter.

4. To indicate a method.

  • Please send the package by Air-Mail.
  • I came here by car.

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2 thoughts on “Using prepositions – ‘With’, ‘Over’ & ‘By’”

  1. fouadkacm says:

    I have a doubt, I think “passive voice” is not up to past, teahcer said we used by in passive voice in past.
    I can’t understand

  2. ksomakiran says:

    This course is really helping me a lot. I would like to request you to come up with more videos on prepositions.

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