All and whole are two words that always confuse beginners in English, sometime even the advanced English students make common mistakes in English while using these determiners. In today’s English speaking lesson with Meera, clear the confusion while using these determiners and perfect your spoken English.
You are watching this English Lesson on Let’s Talk – A library of more than 1300+ free English speaking videos to speak English fluently and confidently. We have English training videos for Learning Grammar, English conversation in the real world, IELTS speaking test, Tips to improve English communication sills, Improving Pronunciation to speak clear English, American and British English lessons and Accent Training that would help you take your English to the next level.
Complete Lesson Transcript : –
Hey everybody welcome back to Let’s Talk this is me Meera. I hope everyone is doing good? All right, great because today I have got two determiners for all of you. Yes you heard me right, ‘all’ and ‘whole’ are determiners. What do they determine? Any guesses? They determine a complete set of something, right? Something that is you know a whole part of something or a whole something and of course I’ve used the same word but they determined something that is a complete set of anything, right? And we need to know what’s the difference between both. They are actually so similar and the only way that you can differentiate them is the situations that they’re used in. Okay there are particular ways and situations that you can use these two separately in. Are you ready to know what are the differences and how knowing the simple things such as what is all and what is whole can make your English better? Well come join me in this class and understand how we’re going to separate ‘all’ and ‘whole’. Let’s begin with the first example, the first thing like what I’ve mentioned they’re determiner so you need to remember that. Now, ‘all the students are present’, right? First and foremost ‘the’ article ‘the’ will always come after ‘all’. So ‘all + the’ right? And these determiners are used before ‘nouns’ right? This is something we’re going to remember. ‘All the students are present’, that means when we talk about ‘all’, we are actually talking about 100% of many things. Obviously the reason why I’m saying many things is because students one, two, three, ten, twenty, fifty… all fifty students are present. 100% of many things and they’re present. ‘All + article’ and then ‘noun’. This is how you would remember the use of ‘all’. It is 100% of many things. One student, many students. Now I’m going to make sure that I will compare the same sentence right over here, ‘the whole class is present’. Do you see the difference? First of all the ‘noun’ over here, okay? But in this case the article has come before the determiner so ‘article + whole’. Whenever we use the word ‘whole’ the article will always come before that. Now when we speak about ‘whole’, it actually means 100% of one thing. And in this case what is that one thing? That’s ‘class’. Now do you remember collective nouns? A class of students. Students are separate, right? It’s a separate identity but when we use it in a collective form, we use a ‘class’. In this case we’re using ‘class’ over here and that is why ‘class’ becomes one thing of many students and that is why I have used the determiner ‘whole’. It determines the class and not the students, right? Okay now that is the basic difference over here. Let’s move on to this column again, ‘he is busy all the time’, okay? So maybe you called him now he’s busy, maybe for a while he’s free again and then you called him, when you called him again he was busy, right? So when I say, ‘all the time’ in this case it actually means, he could be busy and then he could get free again okay he could get busy again and he could get free again. The point is whenever you called him he was busy and that’s why you use the term ‘all the time’. But guys in this case he’s busy the ‘whole’ time, like I said 100% of one thing the ‘whole’ time, even when you call him he was busy and otherwise also unlike this. ‘He was busy the whole time’, every hour of the day he was busy. In ‘all’ when I use the term ‘all’ it could be free, busy, free, busy you never know. But when I use the term ‘whole’, I mean the whole time literally. Now having said that, let’s move on to the next example ‘all my family lives in France’. The first thing that you must notice is that we have ‘possessive adjectives’ over here which is ‘my’. Now what are possessive adjectives we have ‘my’, ‘his’, ‘hers’, ‘its’ right? These are possessive adjectives now whenever we are using possessive adjectives with the word ‘all’ it will always come after that. So ‘all + possessive adjectives’ and then you have the ‘noun’ over here, right? This is something that you must remember. In ‘whole’ in the case of ‘whole’ possessive adjectives ‘my’ comes before the determiner ‘whole’. ‘All my family lives in France’ okay? It could be that there are few members who are not there, but such as I, myself… if I’m talking I’m standing in another country and I’m talking about all my family living in France that means I’m out of country and the rest of my family is in France. But guys when we are talking about ‘my whole family lives in France’ that means literally everyone I know of and that I don’t know of, everybody lives in France. That is what it means when we talk about ‘whole’ in this case but what we need to remember is that when we are talking about ‘possessive adjectives’, the placement of the determiner in ‘all’ this case will be first and later the possessive adjectives when we talk about ‘whole’ possessive adjectives will come first and then the word ‘whole’ all right? Moving on to the next example over here, ‘they gave her all the advice’ okay? ‘They gave her all the advice’ this is the same as this there is no difference in terms of this. But what’s the difference over here is that ‘advice’ is an ‘uncountable noun’ right? So whenever we talk about any uncountable noun for that matter we’re talking about advice over here you would always and always use the determiner ‘all’, okay? ‘They gave her the whole advice’ is incorrect. That is not how you would use ‘all’ or ‘whole’ when we talk about uncountable nouns and that is something that you would remember, okay? Now similarly there is something different over here, ‘I spent the whole summer on the beach’ okay? So the whole summer holiday that I had, that I had took off I went on the beach and I was every day, the whole time on the beach only. That means I’m talking about a certain time period or a certain duration that’s what I’m trying to tell someone. ‘Summer’ is the time period or duration in general, okay? Whenever we speak about any duration to anyone we will use the determiner ‘whole’, okay? ‘I spent all the summer on the beach’ is incorrect, okay? ‘All the summer’ is incorrect in this case. And the whole is incorrect in this case. This is something you would remember over here and this is something that you would make sure to remember on this side. Now I am sure that if nothing the basics are clear. The one thing that you would remember is that “100% of many things makes it ‘all’” okay? But “100% of one thing will make it ‘whole’” And other things such as the article over here, uncountable noun over here, possessive adjectives in this case these are something that things if you remember you will not be confused and you would not confuse others when you’re using ‘all’ or ‘whole’. I hope this has sorted out some of your confusion and your trouble. Make sure that you practice with these sentences or with these examples in your daily conversation, okay? For now that’s all for today, I will be back very soon with another topic and another lesson, until then like I always say keep smiling, keep practicing this is me Meera signing off guys, bye.